Crop balance




Source and methods of data collection

Data on cereal, oilseed and sugar beet production are the result of the statistical survey Annual Survey on Crop and Animal Production (PO-71 form).

For calculations of import and export, the data from the export and import by product codes of the Customs Tariff and Countries of Origin and the export and import by product codes of the Combined Nomenclature and countries of origin have been used.

Foreign trade was calculated separately for EU countries and non-EU countries. Since 2013, Croatia’s import and export calculations have been made at the EU-28 level. 

Expert estimates were made for stocks and losses by the Faculty of Agriculture in Zagreb. Losses in cereals balance sheet were estimated in the range from 2% to 5% in overall production.

The data on industrial use of wine have been taken over from the Annual Survey on Consumed Raw Materials, Consumables and Energy Sources, IND-21/REPRO/G.

Human consumption per capita is calculated by dividing the quantity of goods produced for human consumption by total population.

Initial stocks and final stocks are confidential data.

Other cereals include sorghum, millet, buckwheat etc.

Since 2017 in wheat (common and durum) spelt is included.



Usable production is the process of producing cereals and oilseeds in form of seed, while the production of sugar from sugar beets is defined by degree of digestion, which varies from 13% to 17%.

Initial stocks are unused quantities of products on the first day of reference year, 1 July and by definition are the same as the final stocks of the previous year.

Final stocks are quantities in storage on the last day of reference year, 30 June.

Total imports means imports of products from non-EU countries produced in those countries as well as imports from other EU Member States.

Total exports means exports of products to non-EU countries and to other EU Member States.

Total domestic use is composed of human consumption, industrial uses, seeds, processing, animal feed and losses.

Human consumption includes quantities of unprocessed and processed products used for human consumption.

Industrial uses includes quantities of products used for the production of alcoholic drinks and other non-food products.

Seeds includes quantities of used seeds in crop production.

Animal feed includes quantities of products used for direct animal feed on the farm and industrial production of animal fodder.

Losses include losses created during a production phase and in the marketing sector (during storage, transport, conversion and packing).

Self-sufficiency rate represents the ratio of usable production to total domestic use expressed in percentages. It indicates the extent to which production in one country covers domestic uses.




EU   European Union



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